Sanjay Gandhi National Park



History Lesson Plan | Std: 6th Standard | Duration: 3 classes (40 mins each), 1 field Trip

Download the Lesson Plan and the Images here.


The objective of this lesson plan is to have the students of Std 6 able to explain the History of Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP). They will be able to define conservation and value human-animal interaction.

The lessons are structured such that the child will be able to reason the existence of Kanheri Caves and have the ability to recognise and explain a few features and motifs. They will not only connect with the history but also get sensitive towards map reading and analysing simple data visualisation.


Data Analysis

Students will look at different infographics and charts to analysis data.

Observation through imagery

Since imagery helps memorising better students will be shown images, charts and maps wherever possible to explain the lesson. They will be encouraged to draw at the field trip and even along with note taking.

Interactions and discussions

Healthy interactions to be initiated by the teacher during group activities. They will also be asked to discuss and share knowledge about the past experiences if any and on topics given as reading material.


Students are expected to interact, discuss topics in class. They will have group activities such as planting and plotting on maps. This will help them in working in groups along with having some qualities like leadership, listening, observing and peer helping.

Reinforcements and encouragements

Teacher can give seeds for planting as positive reinforcements to students who are more active in class. But at the end of the lesson the teacher should distribute the remaining seeds to the others too.


This is assessed by class participation, creativity and scrapbooks.


About SGNP:



About Kanheri caves:

Information on field trip here and here

Material for Planting and field trip:

  • Flat plastic bowls
  • Damp soil
  • Grams/ Sprouts
  • Newspaper sheets
  • Two A0 size prints of SGNP map for a class activity: Image 15
  • Binoculars for Field trip


A ruled and blank long book
Colouring material
Pencil box
Old T-shirt/ apron (for planting)
Binoculars if they own one (for field trip)


About SGNP (Notes by teacher)

  • History of the Park
  • Maps
  • Images

About Kanheri caves (Notes by teacher)

Conservation (Notes by teacher)

Biodiversity (Notes by teacher)


Day 1: 40 mins class

Introduction – How many know about it? What? (5 mins)

The teacher will have a brief interaction with students about SGNP. The intention is to find out how many have had any kind of knowledge about the park and ask them to share it.

Incase they are wrong, teacher will correct them and come back to the details as and when that topic occurs in the structure.

The teacher must also inform the students to make notes as and when required in a form of scrap book that must be submitted at the end of the 4th day. The scarp book can have notes, pictures, drawings, leaves/ feathers etc that the student wants to collects and stick.

History of SGNP (20 mins)

The teacher will start the lecture on the the SGNP that would involve the :

  • History of the two ports -Kalyan and Sopara that traded with Greece and Mesopotamian civilisation.
  • How it got named from Krishnagiri National Park to Borivali national park to SGNP.
  • Villages and forests (Yeur and Nagla) that are a part of the park.
  • Show maps of the size of the park.
  • Tourism each day and the time at Shivratri.
  • Introduction of Kanheri caves would include the age and purpose. Other details to be given in the next class.

Content : History of the Park – Trading involved in 4th century B.C. , Image 1-6

2  1

3  45  6

Biodiversity and Conservation (7-10 mins)

  • Flora and fauna of SGNP
  • Definition of conservation
  • Threats – Poaching, Forest fires, Fencing, Human encroachment.
  • Students will be shown images/ maps of:
    • Flora and fauna
    • Human – leopard interaction
    • Increase of human habitation in and around the park
    • Poachers hidings found
  • Content : Flora and fauna, Threats part 1 Threats part 2, Images 25-26, 7-12

25 267 89


Interactions and Reading material (5 mins)

  • Print out of Kanheri Caves used as Buddhist learning centre and pilgrimage site distributed. Students are expected to go through it as homework for the next class.
  • Clearing doubts and other interactions.

Content : Reading Material

Day 2

40 mins class

History of Kanheri Caves (20 mins)

The teacher will initiate discussion on Kanheri caves and ask students what they know of it. This discussion will gradually drift to details of the history.

  • When the caves were constructed and how the name originated?
  • Why they were created and what was the purpose?
  • Students will be shown images of archeological features of the caves
    • 109 Buddhist caves – Viharas and Chaityas
    • Inscriptions and epigraph and their definitions
    • Rare motifs – Eleven headed Avalokiteshwara, Makara, Burial ground, inscriptions and unfinished paintings
  • Discussion and interaction about the same

Content :  History and features from here, Article 2 and Article 3, Images 16 – 22

16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Planting (15 mins)

  • Distribution of plastic bowls, soil, seeds and news paper for planting
  • Instructions given:
  • Students should wear the old T-shirt/ apron before they start the activity.
  • Spread the newspaper and fill the plastic cup half with soil.
  • Sprinkling of 10-12 seeds and covering it with soil to the brim.
  • Watering the plant and keeping it in one corner of class/ terrace after putting name labels on the plastic cup.

Instruction for the field trip (5 mins)

  • The plan would require reaching SGNP at 7:15 am in the morning. Thus students must report at school according to the distance of the school and the park.
  • Students must where shoes and socks. They should carry a bottle of water, cap and tiffin boxes.
  • Colouring material, pencil boxes and a book to take notes.
  • Students will leave for the school back at 4:30pm. Parents should be informed to pick them from school accordingly.

Day 3

Field Trip

Departure from school to reach SGNP at 7:15 am sharp

Morning trail (7:30am – 8:45am)

  • The forest official will talk to the students about the park and their duties. They will mention about Machans for animal spotting and counting. Taking the students to theses Machans if permitted by them.
  • The morning trail will be headed by them and students can collect leaf samples and take notes whenever required.
  • They are also encouraged to draw.

Lion Safari (9:15am – 1pm)

The teacher will pass on the binoculars whenever needed. The students who have carried their own should be asked to share it with their friends too.

Lunch break (1pm – 2pm)

Kanheri Caves (2pm – 4pm)

  • They will be taken through different chambers of the caves by the guide and told the importance of the motifs, archeology.
  • Brief history will be recapped by the teacher as they proceed and see different sculptures and caves.
  • Students will be encouraged to sit and draw, paint and take textures on paper of different carvings that are permitted to touch.
  • They can also stick the samples collected at the park in their scrap books and update it with notes on Kanheri Caves.

Departure (4:30pm)

They will try to wrap up by 4:30 and head to their school.

Day 4

40 mins class

Watering the plants and interaction (7-10 mins)

A brief recap of the field trip sharing of experiences.

Plotting on Map (30 mins)

  • Two A0 prints of the SGNP will be put up on the board at a height that will allow the students to pin up material.
  • The class will be divided into two to work on one chart respectively.
  • Students will pin up:
  • Pictures taken/ collected
  • Small drawings and paintings
  • Colourful notes and facts on flora-fauna
  • Notes on the history of the park and caves

Printable file : Image 15

Submission of scrap book at the end of class

Sanjay Gandhi National Park

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